T.C. KÜLTÜR VE TURİZM BAKANLIĞI ARAŞTIRMA VE EĞİTİM GENEL MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
  • Neredeyim :

Okçuluk (Traditional Turkish Archery)

INVENTORY INFORMATION:

Name of the Element: Geleneksel Türk Okçuluğu (Traditional Turkish Archery)
Other Names of the Element:
 Okçuluk, Geleneksel Okçuluk, Kemankeşlik Geleneği, Tirendazlık Geleneği
Inventory Number
of the Element: 01.0091
Date of the Registration:
16/08/2014
Date of the Inventory Update for the Element:
June 2016 and Mart 2018
ICH Domains of the Element:

     Social practices, rituals and festive events

     Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe

     Traditional craftsmanship

Provinces Submitted Inventory Form for the Element:  Sivas Province (2014), Tokat Province (2014), Adana Province (2018), Amasya Province (2018), Ankara Province (2018), Antalya Province (2018),  Balıkesir Province (2018), Bursa Province (2018), Çanakkale Province (2018), İstanbul Province (2018), İzmir Province (2018), Karabük Province (2018), Konya Province (2018), Kütahya Province (2018), Malatya Province (2018), Osmaniye Province (2018).

INFORMATION ABOUT THE ELEMENT:
Brief Description about Element:

Traditional Turkish Archery is an intangible cultural heritage element, consisting of its principles, rituals and social practices, craftsmanship of traditional equipment, archery disciplines and shooting techniques developed over centuries, which has been shaped around sportive activity.

Traditional Turkish Archery is a traditions that was brought from Central Asia to Anatolia by Turks. Traditional archery developed as a martial art, but has become a sporting branch that is based on moral principles and training since its earliest times. Today, it is a regular sporting activity that has special practice areas that include archery fields and archer’s lodges, which date back to the 15th century.

In Traditional Turkish Archery, there are different types of disciplines practiced on foot and horseback. The archery on foot discipline includes “Menzil” (Long-Distance Arrow) Shooting, “Darp” (Pounding) shooting, “Puta” (Target) shooting Horseback archery, includes “Kıgaç”, “Kabak” and “Tabla” shooting. Archers use traditional shooting techniques and skills learnt from masters, allowing shootings performed on either foot or horseback to be carried out successfully.
Traditional Turkish Archery, which requires a high level of shooting skills, is learned from masters known as “üstat” through daily based training known as “meşk” and carried out in a certain disciplined way. The tradition in which the trainee acquires an adequate level of skills and receives his/her permission from his/her master is called “kabza alma töreni” (taking grip ceremony).

Composite bows and various different arrows are used in the practice of archery. The production of these bows and arrows requires a deep knowledge of materials and craftsmanship that can take many years to learn. Timber, fish glue, animal horns and tendons are used in the production of bows, while arrow production requires timber, reed and feathers. A bow maker is supposed to have an advanced level of knowledge of these natural materials.

Today, there are a many NGOs and communities who are trying to safeguard this tradition. These communities organize courses for the making bows and teach archery to young people. They also organize promotional activities as well as competitions, performances, panels and festivals in various public spaces, particularly museums and schools.

In recent years it has become common, especially among young people, to wear traditional attires when practicing in training and participating festive events.

Geographical Location of the Element:

Related community of the element declare that traditional Turkish archery has been practiced all over the Turkey in their inventory forms. Provinces submitted inventory form for the element through Intangible Cultural Heritage Boards in their Provinces are followed:   

Sivas Province (2014): City Center
Tokat Province (2014):  City Center
Adana Province (2018): City Center, Yüreğir District

Amasya Province (2018): City Center
Ankara Province (2018): City Center

Antalya Province (2018): City Center
Balıkesir Province (2018): City Center, Karesi District

Bursa Province (2018): City Center, Osmangazi District, Nilüfer District, Yıldırım District, İnegöl District, Mustafakemalpaşa District, Harmancık District
Çanakkale Province (2018): City Center, Biga District, Gelibolu District, Ayvacık District

İstanbul Province (2018): City Center
İzmir Province: City Center

Karabük Province : City Center, Safranbolu District, Eskipazar District
Konya Province: City Center

Kütahya Province: City Center,  Simav District, Taşvanlı District, Central Villages.
Malatya Province: City Center, Yeşilyurt District, Battalgazi District, Arapgir District

Osmaniye Province: City Center

Related Group and Communities:

Related Group and Communities of the element are consist of archers who practice traditional Turkish archery and craftspeople who make the archery equipment.

Today, communities, groups and individuals concerned with the element practice it at amateur sports clubs with NGO status. 25 NGOs which exist in different part of Turkey, have been already  participated the meetings for register element to National Inventory. There are also many amateur traditional archery clubs are exist at the universities.

Strategic Safeguarding Plan for the Element:
There is a Strategic Safeguarding Plan drawn up at national level about the element. The Strategic Plan for the Safeguarding of Traditional Turkish Archery created in 2017 with the participation of relevant NGOs and heritage bearers consists of 5 main strategic objectives.

Strategic Goal 1: Strengthening the Capacity of the Element.
Strategic Goal 2: Raising Awareness on the Element in National and International Level.
Strategic Goal 3: Increasing the Number of Scientific Studies and Publications.

Strategic Goal 4: Contributing to the Respect for Cultural Diversity and the Development of Dialogue Through the Elemen.t
Strategic Goal 5: Ensuring to Safeguard of Traditional Archery Craftsmanship by Sustainable Way.

Conducted Safeguarding Activities Related to the Element in the Provinces:
According to reports received from Intangible Cultural Heritage Boards in Provinces; the safeguarding activities which have been conducted in the period of 2016-2017 and which can be assessed in the context of  Strategic Safeguarding Plan are stated in the table bellow.

Name of Province

Strategic Goal 1

Strategic Goal 2

Strategic Goal 3

Strategic Goal 4

Strategic Goal 5

Adana

 

x

 

x

x

Amasya

 

x

 

 

 

Ankara

 

x

 

 

 

Antalya

x

x

x

x

x

Balıkesir

 

x

 

 

 

Bursa

 

x

x

 

 

Çanakkale

 

x

 

 

 

İstanbul

x

x

x

x

x

İzmir

 

x

x

x

 

Karabük

 

x

 

 

 

Konya

 

x

 

x

 

Kütahya

 

x

 

x

 

Malatya

x

x

 

x

x

Osmaniye

 

x

 

 

 

Sivas

 

x

x

 

 

Tokat

 

x

x