CULTURE OF DEDE KORKUT
Inventory Number: 01.0111
Registration Date: 06.03.2017
Domain(s) of ICH: Oral Traditions and Expressions, Performing Arts, Social Practices, Rituals and Festive Events
Geographical Locations (Applicant City(ies) for Registration): Malatya
Dede Korkut is a semi-legendary wise man glorified in expression of epics, stories and tales. His words and expressions of wisdom are related to traditions of birth, marriage and death, tunes played by musical instruments, which are still alive in everyday life practices being originated from nomadic life.
Dede Korkut’s wise expressions, epic and lyric poems and two copies of manuscript named “Book of Dede Korkut”, which was written in 15th Century, has reached today through oral and written expressions.
Dede Korkut Culture is still kept alive in today’s Turkey with its wise expressions of proses and composes of verses in music tradition, various beliefs and social practices like giving names to children, engagement and marriage ceremonies funeral and dirge rituals. Also some cults of prophet Hızır, numbers, tree are rooted from Dede Korkut Culture. Values like generosity, hospitality, brave, mercy, solidarity mentioned in Dede Korkut Epics have an important role for cultural dialogue, mutual understanding and building peace between all segments of society.
Thanks to rich content of expressions, rituals and practices, all segments of society have roles in transmission. Epics of Dede Korkut are narration of prose stories and verses being transmitted in master-apprentice relationship by minstrels and bards accompanied with playing musical instruments.The element is also transmitted by story tellers with narration of prose stories, tale tellers with narration of tales from the epics and meddahs in their public storytelling tradition.Social Practices of the element are transmitted actively by family members, especially women, children, youth and all society. A manuscript book which was written in 15th Century is the main source for transmission of the element as written expression. Only two original copies, named as Kitâb-ı Dedem Ḳorḳud Alâ Lisân-ı Tāife-i Oğuzhân and Hikâyet-i Oğuznâme, Kazan Beğ ve Gayrı called Book of Dede Korkut today, of this book has still remained today. This book is translated in contemporary Turkish and used for written expression of transmission by modern literature and taking place in curriculums of formal education.
Despite the fact that Dede Korkut Culture is kept alive in all geographical location of Turkey; Malatya City, which applied for inscribing the element, and Bayburt City have an important role for the element.Tales, legends, stories, dirges, social and religious values mentioned in Epics of Dede Korkut are kept alive in Malatya’s oral expression and cultural memory. It is believed that the tomb of Dede Korkut is located in Masat Village of Bayburt City and the tomb of Bamsı Beyrek, a character narrated in Dede Korkut Epics, is locatedon the hill near Bayburt Citadel. During Dede Korkut Festival in Bayburt, these tombs are visited by local people. Furthermore musical instruments related to the element are exhibited and live performances of the epics are performed in Bayburt Baksı Museum.